All products that are manufactured in EU countries and are exported outside the European Union must have a so-called CE mark. ✅ In today's article we will discuss the basic concepts associated with CE marking.
It is a European mark of conformity that plays an important role in the field of free movement of goods.
By affixing the CE mark or having the CE mark affixed, the manufacturer indicates that it is responsible for the conformity of the product with all applicable requirements set out in EU harmonization legislation that determines its placing.
It is important to note that if a legal or a business natural person misuses the CE marking, they are committing an offense against the law. Even affixing the CE mark on a product for which no legal regulation stipulates it can be considered an offence.
By affixing the CE mark, the manufacturer indicates that the product complies with all essential requirements of the relevant EU legislation. However, products may possess other marks that are not covered by European legislation. Their aim may be to help increase consumer protection. Therefore, they have a different meaning and purpose than the CE marking.
Conformity assessment is a procedure that demonstrates that the essential technical requirements relating to a product, process, service, system or person laid down in the relevant legislation applicable to them have been met. Such legislation is, for example, a government regulation or a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council (EU).
Essential technical requirements in the field of product conformity assessment are, for example:
This also includes product requirements - trade name, terminology used, symbols, testing and test methods, product packaging and labelling, as well as, for example, production methods and processes that affect product characteristics.
In general, by issuing a written declaration of conformity for specified products placed on the market, the manufacturer confirms that compliance with the essential technical requirements set out in the relevant legislation has been proved during the conformity assessment.
Legislation for individual product groups stipulates whether a declaration of conformity, an EC declaration of conformity or an EU declaration of conformity should be issued.
The declaration of conformity is issued by the manufacturer for products placed on the market in accordance with legal regulations that regulate their placing on the market in the Czech Republic. For example the so - called selected construction products pursuant to Government Regulation 163/2002 Coll., as amended, or the so - called selected products pursuant to Government Regulation 173/1997 Coll., as amended.
EC declaration of conformity is issued by the manufacturer for products, if so provided by the relevant government regulation that have transposed the directive of the European Parliament and the Council into the legal system of the Czech Republic (or even an older regulation - the Council directive).
Conditions for issuing EU declaration of conformity are set out and regulated by new regulations of the European Parliament and the Council (EU), as directly applicable in each Member State, as well as directives of the European Parliament and the Council, which already respect the principles of the new legislative framework (which entered into force on 1 January 2010).
A specific document in the process of assessing and verifying the stability of properties of construction products is the so-called declaration of properties. The requirements for its form and content, the conditions for its issuance, access and storage are specified in Regulation (EU) 305/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 March 2011, laying down harmonized conditions for the marketing of construction products (regulation for construction products or CPR).
Each of the regulations specified above therefore specifies the method of issuing the declaration, its requirements, the method of attaching it to the product and also the period of its storage and access.
The notified body or the notified subject is a legal entity that has been reported by a Member State of the European Union to the European Union institutions and all Member States of the European Union as a body responsible for assessing the conformity of products with technical requirements and can be expected to comply with these requirements on a permanent basis and guarantee to meet obligations relating to an activity of notified bodies and a proper performance of this activity.
The notified body has the role of an independent third party in cases where this is specified in the product conformity assessment process or in the process of assessment and verification of constancy of performance of construction products.